Breeding within the IRPC

Are you interested in breeding within the IRPC? Send the attestations of the tests demanded as seen below as well as a photo of your Pug to the following email-address: If your Pug meets our criteria and you have paid the relevant fees (membership, approval and pedigree reg.) it will be approved of breeding and get a pedigree within the IRPC. You are always welcome to contact us with questions etc.

Note: The health examinations below shall be done at the earliest when the Pug is 12 months old, with an exception of the BOAS-test that shall be done at the earliest when the Pug is 15 months old.

The prospective breeding Pug

– has a pedigree as or is acknowledged by the IRPC as a Retro Pug

  • Also Old German Pugs (“altdeutsche Möpse”) and Standard Pugs can be bred with if they meet the below prerequisites and should then be combined with a Retro Pug

– is free from patellar luxation or has the grade I at the highest

  • Pugs with a Pl grade I shall be combined only with free Pug

– is free from vertebral anomalies

  • A Pug that has defects vertebrae, such as hemivertebrae, is allowed for breeding if it does not have any clinical signs, and only if it is combined with a Pug that is free of vertebral anomalies

Comment: Defect vertebrae are very uncommon in Old German Pugs and Retro Pugs. However, almost all Standard Pugs have defect vertebrae. Since in the first breeding between Pug and donor breed, the Pug is most often a Standard Pug, we will sometimes see defect vertebrae in the first generations. Since these dogs nevertheless are genetically valuable we allow for one partner to have defect vertebrae.

  • Preferably, the Pug’s spine shall be checked with a CT-scan so that both bone and soft tissue can be examined
  • X-ray examination is accepted

Comment: The acception of X-ray is due to practical reasons since it is still difficult to get all examinations at the same veterinarian and since it may require long travels to a veterinarian who can do the CT-scan together with the other tests.

– has the result BOAS 0-1 in the Cambridge exercise test or a corresponding test

  • A Pug with BOAS 1 can only be bred with a BOAS 0 Pug if the other prerequisites are met with
  • One of the Pugs that will be bred with can be exempt from this prerequisite if the Pug does not belong to our club. In that case it is the responsibility of the breeder from our club to thoroughly examine the breathing of the potential partner.

Comment: The demand that only our own Pugs have done an exercise test is due to practical reasons since different clubs have different rules. It is not yet common among Old German Pug and Retro Pug breeders to do an exercise test. When this changes we will raise our demands.

– Has had an ocular examination by a veterinary ophthalmologist and

  • has well embedded eyes
  • if the dog has signs of entropion, this is only to a low degree
  • if it has signs of distichiasis, this is only to a low degree
  • A Pug with signs of entropion shall preferably be combined with one free from that condition, or both shall have very low signs of entropion.
  • A Pug with signs of distichiasis shall be combined with a Pug free from that condition

Comment: it is very uncommon for Old German Pugs and Retro Pugs to have distichiasis and Retro Pugs seldom have entropion.

To start with, we will document the ocular status of our Pugs and do a rough estimate of the above criteria. Later, when we have more material we will develop a grading system together with a veterinary ophthalmologist.

– has a small nose fold that is not in contact with the eyes or cover some part of the front of the nose

– has no crowding of teeth, and teeth have no abnormal contact with other teeth or soft tissue, has no teeth seen outside the mouth when it is closed (i.e. no large underbite)

Comment: To start with, we will assess the teeth ourselves and if we are uncertain, we can let a veterinarian look at the teeth. When we have developed a protocol for the eyes, we will do so also for the teeth.

– has a CFR of 0,20 or more

  • Pugs with a lower CFR who meet the other criteria shall be combined with Pugs so that the average CFR of both parents is 0,22 or more

Comment: We will start with measuring the CFR ourselves.

– is not carrier of two PDE alleles (= at risk)

  • Single carriers can be combined only with free dogs
  • A double carrier that has other important qualities can be combined only with free dogs

– is not carrier of two DM alleles (= at risk)

  • Single carriers can be combined only with free dogs
  • A double carrier that has other important qualities can be combined only with free dogs

– has a proportion of genes from a donor breed

  • Purebred Pugs shall be combined with Pugs that have a proportion from a donor breed or with pure bred donors
  • Accepted donor breeds are Parson Russell Terrier, leggy Jack Russell Terrier, Miniature Pinscher and Danish-Swedish Farm dog
  • The combination of two dogs results in puppies within the range of about 20 – 5 percent from the donor breed. We also welcome the breeding of F1s, i.e. dogs that are 50% Pug and 50% donor breed

– Since HD and ED have low heritability, it is voluntarily to check the hips and the elbows of the prospective breeding Pug

Comment: However, if the members check their dog’s hips we can build up a database with information of the hip and elbow statuses of our dogs, and in the future, these can be used to calculate the Estimated Breeding Value. Therefore, we encourage our members to have the hips and elbows of their breeding dogs checked.